Kallitypes: update and new images
I have summarized the info on my experience with the Kallitype Process. I apologize for the length but the friendly delete button is ever-handy!
3.27.07 UPDATED KALLITYPE OBSERVATIONS
- to get sharp borders (no bleeding), STICK black sign vinyl onto border on non-emulsion side of OHP neg.
- Care of Richeson brush: rinse used brush, then stand it in ~4% Na4-EDTA for 2-3 hours, rinse. Keep bristles submerged in water
-Formalin-hardened gelatin sizing of Arches Platine improves sharpness. Colors
obtained on development are different from those on unsized AP
- sizing improves tonal resolution, opens up shads; HLs are brighter
- sizing STHG-B yields variable outcomes: either prints are soft, or colors are enhanced and details are improved
- addition of Au to emulsion reduces exposure time but shads are poorly resolved
- steptab printed on unsized AP gave cleaner seps when Au was omitted from emulsion mix
- sized AP coated with emulsion containing Au needed 33% less exposure than
the control without the additive
- thin spread clears better than a thicker one
- 6 AgNO3:4FO works better than 5:5
- a single coat on AP and STHG is sufficient
- for Graphix Vellum 48, precoat with 1% oxalic acid, then apply 2 coats of emulsion
(dry between each application). This reduces curling and splotching of vellum
- STHG has a sidedness, one side printing better than the other
- Pd toning shows variable effects: cool brown in one case, B/W in another
- Se toner produced muddy outcome
- AP produces rich lustrous tones, needs less expo than STHG
- Pt toner gave dark warm browns and well-defined HLs
- Au toner gave choc-brown-black tones w good detail; HLs separated well
- Graphix Vellum 48 produced gritty images (may work in some cases)
- detail on Vellum 48 was better than on AP
- Masa (rough side)
- tape down and coat with Richeson
- Se toner works well: toner effect is easier to see if KOX is used at 5%
- expos are 8-10’ for normal negs; to get HLs to print expose longer - a plastic paddle facilitates handling of Masa - all processing is done in one tray
- liquids are poured over paddle while it is held above print
- paddle is made from a thin bendable plastic, the front half being cut in the shape of the tray but slightly smaller; it tapers to a handle midway. A hole cut in the latter provides ease of handling.
- dry print in developing tray. When partially dry, move it to and dry it
between folds of a 100% cotton bedsheet
- Weston ‘s Parchment Paper
- needs 6 ml / 11 x 14” area
- Se toner gives gray-brown blacks
- 6-7’ expo prints all tones
- overexposed, Se-toned print showed cool brown shads; gray brown MTs;
- with slight over-exposure, Pd toning gave a low key, but attractive gold- brown print
- Somerset Beige and White: use 2.5 ml / 8 x 10” area
- needs 6-8’ to print all tones
- Se toning was unsatisfactory
- good medium to print a contrasty neg on
- Pd toner gives cool brown shads, muddy MTs, warm HLs
- needs 5-6’ expo to print all tones
- texture of paper eliminates VENETIAN BLINDS in HL areas
- Pd toner gave cool brown shads, muddy MTs, warm HLs
- expose soon after coating, drying and equilibrating to room conditions
- expo should not exceed point when a medium-dark ochre appears in deepest
shadows. This endpoint is seen on AP, STHG, and Somerset but not on Vellum or Masa.
- On Vellum, exposure does not produce any visible image
- reduced exposures show better detail. Factor in drydown.
- 20% Na Citrate and Hall’s Developer produce similar outcomes
- 20% KOX blocks shads
- 5 and 10% KOX produce identical effects to those produced by 20% Na citrate
- though 3% KOX produces crisp steptab seps, it is less impressive than 5% KOX when printing negs
TONING (see PAPERS above)
- do not reuse
- toners can be brushed on gently to conserve volumes and achieve even toning
FACTORS AFFECTING KALLITYPE COLORS
Paper, sizing, thickness of emulsion, additives in emulsion, developer (type and strength), temperature of wash water, and toner (s).
A systematic study of how these interact to produce the final color would be time-intensive though possibly revealing.
I have added some new Kallis to my web page at <lookatart.com> or <theartark.com>. Click REFRESH, then go to Painters (or 2-D works), and scroll down to where my name appears.