Re: (1) Gum over Cyanotype on sized Masa paper (rough side) - (2)Pigment that makes gum insoluble w/o exposure?
This shows the value of discussion and sharing, I think. I showed
simply that the rough side didn't print one gum coat well unsized,
but the smooth side did print one coat well unsized, as well as
coating very smoothly and easily (it's a joy to find a very smooth
paper that isn't a bear to coat). I didn't go on and try sizing the
rough side, or printing more than one coat on the smooth side, as my
only purpose with that quick experiment was to answer a simple
question someone asked me privately, after Loris showed his cyanotype
on Masa, "Do you think Masa would work for gum?" I had some Masa on
hand that I had used for other purposes; I can't ever resist a
question like that, and it was a simple matter to coat some gum on
it. That was the end of my interest, but I'm glad others have taken
the ball and run with it in different directions.
On Sep 24, 2007, at 11:13 PM, Loris Medici wrote:
I started to print on the rough side (cyanotype) and then switched to
the smooth side with good results (cyanotype again) and remained
I hever thought to go back to the rough side - I'm grateful to
reminding me the rough side. Since I have reverted, I had no flaking
See my last gum over cyanotype print on sized Masa (rough side) below:
Full image (actual size 17 x 27cm, 6 5/8 x 10 5/8"):
Detail (actual size 4.5 x 5cm, 1 6/8 x2"):
Image on unsized Masa (rough side):
As you can see the result is much much better despite it's hard to
a direct comparison since:
a) I have used transparent pigments (hoping to get less muddy results)
b) I have used 1:1 diluted 2A:1B traditional cyanotype (because
undiluted is too dark for making gum overcoats I thought)
In the second print (on sized paper). In any case, the difference in
whites is obvious. Sizing and using the back side is the key to
with this paper...
As you notice, I'm trying primary (or quasi primary) colors with this
print, because I also aim to learn how different primaries interact.
Will try to use darker and/or more opaque paints (or more pigment with
the same paints) in the next try since I was expecting a more neutral
final image color...
About red: Mine is "gamma quinacridone" (according to:
http://www.handprint.com/HP/WCL/waterc.html#PV19R). It's a very strong
pigment, I succeeded by cutting the pigment amnt. and exposure time
1. 1:1 diluted 2A:1B traditional cyanotype, 4:00
2. Schmincke Cadmium Yellow Light 224 (PY35), pigment load: light,
3. Schmincke Ruby Red 351 (PV19), pigment load: very light, 1:45
(All layers with the same negative calibrated for 2A:1B traditional
BTW, the creasing you see was caused by me being clumsy while affixing
the paper to Yupo. I would normally discard the paper and re-make
thought it suits the subject matter and pursued. The effect is not
strong, it's exaggerated by the scanner -> you can't see it unless you
look the image in strong and very oblique light...
From: Christina Z. Anderson [mailto:email@example.com]
Sent: Monday, September 24, 2007 5:52 PM
Subject: Re: (1) Gum over Cyanotype on sized Masa paper (rough side) -
(2) Pigment that makes gum insoluble w/o exposure?
I'm so glad you experimented with MASA as per Rajul's advice--makes me
to try it now that two of you have found it to be suitable.
I have never had a pigment insolubilize gum, but after reading Marek's
question with the one pigment and carbon it makes me wonder something.
bit ago I had mentioned the fact that formaldehyde hardens gelatin but
gum and that is why it can be used as a preservative in gum solutions.
wonder, therefore, if carbon is more sensitive to this kind of
than gum is, and if some of these feelings of spontaneous hardening
holdover from carbon, and gum being associated with carbon as a
carbon" process as it was first called. I was explained the
between the two--chemists please correct me but gum is composed of
(sp?) groups and gelatin of amino acid chains? So that might explain
differences in results between the two substances--they are
the same colloid.
The very FIRST mention of spontaneous insolubilization was 1894!! In
very first gum book ever written!! Rouille Ladeveze. Blanc d'argent.
anyone in France can locate me some blanc d'argent I'd love to test
even though I say I have never seen this I cannot say that it doesn't
Anyway, on to red. I have never had a red spontaneously harden, but I
found that students will tend to confuse two things--stain and
I have no idea if either of these are your case.
Two, is the ruby red a blue red? Offlist I got a question from
Koch-Schulte about whether I had found reds to be faster than other
and no I had not, but I did determine a difference in exposure
blue red and an orange red. In fact, if I am not careful to expose
orange red much longer (certain ones, btw) it'll all whoosh off.
with pretty dense layers, like the color of the layer looks as colored
the pigment itself.
It would be instructive for us to share what we have all found related
exposure times of different colors. Old literature says blue is the
exposing and I have certainly found that to be true, and yellow
then I wonder if the difference of exposure times is directly
amount of pigment one uses and that will explain the variations we are
finding--for instance, if I am just using a little pigment in my
color, maybe there is not much of a difference in exposure between all
colors, but if I am using a LOT of any color with supersaturated
that's when the noticeable difference in exposure time crops up.
not just talking the darkness of the pigment affecting exposure time
black is the darkest, or saturated thalo blue as compared to saturated
yellow, for instance). I'm talking actual colors acting as filters to
light--and as I said in my Magnachrom article, it stands to reason
yellow would be slow by filtering out UV light the best. And this
also be a possible explanation to why an orange red biased to yellow
slower than a blue-red biased toward a faster color.
Because there are so many variables that gummists use to make their
(amount of pigment, thickness of layer, whatnot) there probably is no
could build up an agreement about any of this, and I expect 20 emails
shortly refuting anything I have said here, but suffice it to say I
never had any red insolubilize gum but I sure have seen overexposure
that gives pretty red squares of image :).